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We are not indestructible – and neither is PPE

This study raises a host of questions that we, as a fire service, need to consider about the rigors of the interior structural firefighting environment as it exists today — and as it will exist tomorrow.

As firefighters we all-too-often, and despite a great deal of evidence to the contrary, assume that our gear will stand up to any conditions we might encounter on the job.

And without question, contemporary personal protective equipment , designed and tested to meet established industry standards, provides firefighters with an unprecedented level of protection to meet the hazards we face on fire and emergency incidents of all types.

However, as this research demonstrates, our PPE is not indestructible; nor are the firefighters who wear it!

It is absolutely possible to (quickly) exceed the design limits of self-contained breathing apparatus and structural firefighter protective clothing on a seemingly “routine” structure fire.

Furthermore, the way we train with, clean (or not), and maintain our gear can have a huge impact on whether or not it will protect us under “normal operating conditions,” or in the worst-case scenario.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


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IFRM Establishes Referrals for Domestic Equipment Donations

The International Fire Relief Mission

The International Fire Relief Mission has established a section on its Web site that lists charitable organizations that facilitate fire-fighting equipment donations within the United States.

“IFRM is not deviating from its mission of delivering used fire and EMS gear to firefighters in developing countries,” says IFRM President Ron Gruening. “However, we occasionally receive requests for domestic donations. Domestic donations are outside our mission and not an area IFRM intends to pursue. Yet, to help those fire departments, we have set up a list of organizations that will facilitate domestic donations.”

The referral list currently has two organizations: and S.O.S. Supply. is backed by and is located on the East Coast. S.O.S. Supply is a charitable branch of Consumer Fire Products Inc., and is located on the West Coast. IFRM intends to add more such groups in the future to its referral list.

“It is our belief that U.S. fire departments should be fully supported by local, state and federal funds,” Gruening says. “It is shameful that fire departments in the United States are looking for hand-me-down equipment. We want nothing more than to see U.S. fire departments have the resources they need to carryout their work. We want the issue of domestic equipment donations to become moot. Until that time, IFRM will point U.S. fire departments to where they can find or offer help.”

Those interested in being added to the referral list, or donating equipment, time or money to the International Fire Relief Mission can do so by contacting Ron Gruening by e-mail at or by phone at +1 612-669-8500. S.O.S. Supply can be reached by e-mail at or by phone at +1 866-901-2357. can be reached via its Web site at

About the International Fire Relief Mission
IFRM is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization who’s mission is to collect donated new and used fire and EMS equipment, deliver it to fire departments in developing nations and educate members of those fire departments on the equipment’s safe and proper use. IFRM is a nonreligious, nonpolitical group dedicated to saving firefighter and civilian lives. IFRM members do not draw a salary and all of the money raised is used to fulfilling the group’s mission. IFRM was formed in 2007 by retired emergency-response professionals. For more information, visit its website at

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


Mass. fire departments win grants to update rescue gear

LENOX, Mass. — By winning a competitive, national grant for federal funding to boost public safety in local communities, the Lenox Fire Department will be able to replace its outmoded air packs, called self-contained breathing apparatus, that are more than 20 years old. Also, the Great Barrington ambulance squad won money to buy protective gear.

Lenox Fire Chief Daniel Clifford said the $128,440 grant from the Federal Emergency Management Agency will be used to buy 26 new units.

The new air packs are “lighter, ergonomic for the firefighters, and they have the most up-to-date safety features,” he said.

Clifford said he and three of his officers wrote the successful application for the Firefighters’ Assistance Grant Program, which covers protective equipment, enhancement to facilities and communications.

Lenox won the fourth-highest award among 12 Massachusetts communities.

The grants, $1.8 million in all, were announced by Sen. John Kerry, Sen. Scott Brown, U.S. Rep Richard Neal, and other Massachusetts congressmen.

The grants also cover training, health programs, new emergency vehicles and training programs for local firefighters.

The Southern Berkshire Volunteer Ambulance Squad, based in Great Barrington, was awarded $85,861 for turnout gear to provide crew protection from injury. The equipment also offers fire resistance as well as protection from the elements and from contamination by bodily fluids.

The grant also covers a mannequin for computer training at the squad’s center on Lewis Avenue behind Fairview Hospital, said Neil Crawford, vice president. The squad is authorized to train basic EMTs and is seeking state certification to become an intermediate EMT training center.

In addition to serving Great Barrington, the squad also covers Monterey, Sheffield, Egremont, Mount Washington and the southern part of West Stockbridge. It has a mutual aid agreements with New Marlborough, Canaan, Conn., and Copake, N.Y.

“Massachusetts firefighters put their lives on the line every time that alarm bell sounds, and this investment helps them have the best equipment and training to keep them safe and ready to respond,” Kerry wrote in a prepared statement.

“I am thankful that our local fire departments will receive these critical resources,” stated Brown. “I will continue working within the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee to make sure the Assistance to Firefighters Grants are there for our heroic firefighters.”

“The brave men and women who work in our local fire departments deserve to have the best training and equipment in order to do their jobs effectively,” Neal wrote. “These important federal grants will help our firefighters and first responders keep cities and towns in Massachusetts safe.”

The Nahant Fire Department won the largest grant statewide, $717,250, followed by Charlton, Topsfield and Lenox.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


Tomorrow’s PPE: Changes planned for SCBA, PASS devices and gear

In the first part of this article, we outlined how standards on personal protective equipment establish minimum levels of performance that are intended to reflect firefighter needs.

Over the next two months, there are several standards under development or revision; these include each of the standards listed below.

NFPA 1851 – Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting

Work is toward a third edition. The most significantly considered topics are the qualifications for service providers on cleaning and repair and how these organizations are qualified, difficulties in implementing the complete liner inspection and the rigor of the hydrostatic test applied to liners after three years, and the mandatory 10-year retirement requirement for all ensemble elements.

The industry is debating how manufacturers can specify companies to provide inspection, cleaning, and repair of their clothing versus the verification of independent service providers that can offer care for any type of clothing.

The adequacy of current procedures for qualifying organizations is being reviewed and being extended from simply addressing repair to cleaning and inspection processes. The committee is considering whether cleaning procedures need to be validated.

There are also concerns for high levels of liner failure during hydrostatic testing noted by some departments that occurs as part of complete liner inspections. Proposals for changing the frequency of this testing or how the testing is conducted are open for consideration.

Lastly, some departments are advocating exceptions to the rule that all clothing and equipment covered by NFPA 1971 be retired 10 years from its manufacturing date.

NFPA 1852 – Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Open-Circuit Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)

The standard is considered relatively mature and only a few changes have been proposed. These include events and procedures for reporting failures of SCBA, specifying the number of spare cylinders on hand for a given organization, and providing editorial changes to make some requirements more consistent with NIOSH regulations. (Note – Pat, does this line seem OK to you? I’m also checking with the Stulls – Jamie.)

NFPA 1855 – Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Technical Rescue Incidents

This is a new standard that is intended to establish the companion selection, care, and maintenance requirements for products certified to NFPA 1951, Standard on Protective Ensembles for Technical Rescue Incidents.

The standard has a number of similarities to NFPA 1851, but has some adaptations to address specific issues related to two principle ensembles covered in the standard – utility technical rescue (without barrier) and rescue & recovery operations (with barrier). NFPA 1951 also addresses requirements for a CBRN ensemble.

As proposed, the standard provides detailed procedures for conducting a risk assessment to support the selection of the appropriate ensemble. It also establishes specific requirement for how ensemble elements (garments, helmets, gloves, and footwear) are inspected, cleaned, decontaminated, repaired, and stored as well as the responsibilities for ensemble care and maintenance for the department and individual responder.

NFPA 1975 – Standard on Work/Station Uniforms for the Emergency Services

The standard address clothing that is worn underneath protective clothing and includes an option for the clothing to be flame resistant. The committee is considering the scope of the standard to address some of items of clothing currently worn underneath protective clothing for moisture management and comfort purposes.

The committee is also examining the potential for including other performance properties in the evaluation of this clothing.

The public input period has passed, but any input for the revision of this standard can still be submitted for the committee’s consideration. In addition, the same committee is working on a new contaminated water diving standard and a rope and harness selection, care, and maintenance standard.

NFPA 1981 – Standard on Open-Circuit, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) for Emergency Services

The committee is addressing a number of changes for improving the performance of fire service SCBA. Among these are proposed tests for evaluating the integrity of the facepiece to high heat in response to some reported industry failures.

A new radiant heat resistance test has been put forward for consideration. The committee is also increasing the conditions of the high heat oven exposure prior to the fire exposure in the overall heat and flame test.

A number of other proposed changes have been considered that include new methodology for evaluating SCBA voice communications and changing the alarm level (amount of remaining air) for the end-of-service time indicator.

The standard is also being revised to provide for a range of certifications to address other applications, such as law enforcement, hazardous materials, and other non-fire fighting operations.

NFPA 1982 – Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS)

Since its last overhaul in 2007 to address issues related to PASS problems in high heat and moisture conditions, the current revision is focusing on changes that encompass the performance of wireless or radio frequency PASS and their ability to communicate to base stations outside the operating location.

Consequently, a number of new design and performance criteria have been proposed to address various aspects of evolving electronics and their continued functionality for PASS devices. For example, wireless PASS devices are now evaluated for their ability to alarm at a distance that is considered out of range from the base station.

NFPA 1989 – Standard on Breathing Air Quality for Emergency Services Respiratory Protection

This standard covers the quality of breathing air for SCBA and how it is tested. The standard, which has been in existence for two prior editions, is undergoing only relatively minor changes for clarification of the existing procedures.

NFPA 1999 – Standard on Protective Clothing Emergency Medical Operations

The standard was significantly expanded in 2008 to include other categories of clothing and equipment. The majority of current revisions are aimed at improving current test methods or addressing the need for clarification for existing requirements.

A number of items covered by the standards are typically not certified by manufacturers, such as disposal garments, work gloves, and eye and face protection.

We would like to also point out that you can submit input on any standard at any time, whether in revision or not. The submission of specific suggestions or criticisms is always welcome and seen as a valuable part of providing feedback that enable enhancement of the current standards, which in turn help allow the development of better performing clothing and equipment.

We hope that if any of the standards are of interest to you that you take the time to communicate your concerns or needs to the respective committee. The NFPA process is only improved when the actual users of personal protective equipment provide their input.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


LION acquires BullEx, HAAGEN

PPE manufacturer LION has acquired BullEx Digital Safety and HAAGEN Fire Training Products.

“With BullEx and HAAGEN as part of the LION group, we offer another critical aspect of readiness — effective training equipment to make sure first responders are more knowledgeable, more proficient and more prepared to do their jobs,” LION CEO Steve Schwartz said.

The acquired companies’ product lines include fire, safety and hazmat training tools, systems and centers that are used by fire departments, corporations and governments worldwide.

“The new division not only satisfies our fire department customers’ needs for more effective training, but it helps LION move closer to its vision to be the provider of choice for complete personal safety and training readiness,” Schwartz said.

BullEx CEO Ryan O’Donnell said the addition of BullEx and HAAGEN to the LION group of companies is a natural fit.

“Not only do the companies share a culture of innovation, but they have a commitment to enhancing first responder readiness,” he said, adding that the move would enhance the abilities of BullEx and HAAGEN to develop, market, manufacture and service cutting-edge training systems and centers for their global customer bases.


Firefighter PPE standards: How you can make an impact

We have written several times in the past stating the importance of specific standards for the fire service. The majority of these standards originate from the National Fire Protection Association.

Standards on personal protective equipment establish minimum levels of performance that are intended to reflect firefighter needs.

The process for creating and revising standards is fully dependent on the technical committees which are established with fixed size committees. These include a balanced membership from various interested categories including end users, labor unions, manufacturers, research and testing laboratories, and special experts.

However, these standards only become better when individual firefighters and other experienced end users outside the process provide their input to the committee to reflect the practical realities of personal protection.

This month we are writing to encourage you to consider providing proposals and comments on several standards that are in the process of being developed or being revised.

Before we address the current standards in revision, it is important to understand how anyone can provide input to the NFPA process. Unlike many standards development organizations, the NFPA provides two different phases for public recommendations.

Formerly known as public proposals, the first stage is public input. This phase permits individuals to put in suggested changes to an existing standard that are considered by the committee writing the standard in preparing their first draft of the revision.

Any topic is open for consideration, but the NFPA requests that the proposals be put forward in a format where a specific change is suggested and a statement for substantiation should be provided with the change.

The committee reviews each suggested change and either agrees to make the revision or disagrees by rejecting the proposal. However, the committee can also agree in principle by making a related change or accept part of the proposal.

While each suggestion is separately reviewed, the committee may react to a large number of proposals on a single topic and respond with a change that addresses each of the related proposals.

The NFPA is in the process of implementing new procedures where public proposals are viewed more as suggestions as the committee creates a first revised draft of the standard.

The second phase of public involvement is public comment. NFPA is also adapting the rules for how this part of the process is carried out, but for the current year the existing procedures will be in place.

Public comments are submitted after the NFPA publishes its report on proposals, which shows how each of the public comments are handled and an initial draft of the revised or new document.

Like proposals, comments provide recommendations for specific parts of the proposed standard or revision. These recommendations can take the form of adding or changing text, adding new language, or removing parts of the standard.

The committee again reviews each comment and decides whether to accept or reject comments. As with proposals, comments can also be accepted in principle or in part, but another option open to the committee is to hold the proposed change to the next revision.

The actual procedures for submitting a public proposal (now public input) or a comment can be found on the NFPA’s website, under the tab for “Codes and Standards.”

The forms appear to the right side of this page and include explanatory notes for submitting the respective change. In addition, draft documents can be reviewed by selecting the specific standard of interest from the list that appears to the left side of the same page under the heading, “Document information pages.”

By choosing the respective standard, information on that standard will appear, including a full draft of the standard, notices and minutes of any meeting, and a list of members for the respective committee.

The pages for each individual standard also provide a list of specific deadlines for submitting input or comments for the particular standard.

The most important document to look at is the “Report for Proposals” on new documents. This document provides information on what proposals were submitted and how each proposal was addressed by the committee.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


Chainsaw safety

Chainsaw safety is the job of every saw operator, and proper PPE should always be used when handling or working around chainsaws.

These include:

•Eye protection- approved goggles or safety glasses (no sunglasses).
•Chainsaw Chaps — proper size and length.
•Proper-sized gloves.
•Long sleeve shirt.
•Leather boots — no loose boot laces.

Take the time to inspect the chainsaw before operating the saw.
•Check the chain and bar — sharpness of chain, bar seated correctly.
•Check the bolts and screws all around the saw — no missing screws or bolts.
•Check the casing of the saw — no cracked or missing plastic.

Make sure you’re aware of your surroundings while operating the chainsaw.
•Look for people working in your area — advise all personnel you’re operating the saw.
•Look for any snags or hazards in your area — look up for power lines, widow makers, etc.
•Make sure you always have a spotter or swamper to use for communications.
•Always watch your footing while operating the saw — loose, rocky, steep terrain can cause you to slip while the chainsaw is running.

Always make sure you are comfortable doing the task at hand.
•Proper training for personnel running saws.
•While falling trees, know your escape route.
•If you are not comfortable falling the tree, walk away. Notify your supervisor and mitigate the safety issues or turn down the assignment.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


‘Gear Down, Cool Down’

Often, when firefighters are in rehab, the one repeated mistake is that they are still wearing their turn-out gear. Whether it is your bunker pants or an open turn-out coat or your lid, it is all preventing you from cooling down efficiently and quickly.

Once you have entered the rehab area (hopefully you have one designated) one of the first orders of business should be removing full turn-outs and helmets. If your rehab area is outside consider ambient temperatures when doing this. Otherwise the sooner these items are removed the sooner you can start cooling the core areas that hold in so much heat.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


Firefighter PPE: Understanding limitations of government regulations

We are all affected by government regulations. The fire service is no exception. There are a number of regulations from both the federal government and state governments that affect firefighter personal protective equipment.

Included in these regulations are general requirements for fire departments (employers) to provide PPE for their firefighter employees. These requirements extend to not only providing the PPE but also caring and maintaining it, and providing training on the use and limitations of protective clothing and equipment.

These regulations are found in OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.132. The regulations, sometimes also known as a “general duty clause” or Subpart I, further prescribe fire departments conduct hazard assessments and select the appropriate personal tech equipment based on the identification of hazards.

Well understood
For the most part, these regulations are well understood and, in fact, NFPA 1971 requires that manufacturers include a reference to these regulations in the user information provided for their clothing and equipment products that are certified to the standard.

There are also government regulations that pertain to minimum requirements for personal protective clothing and equipment. One example is OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.156. These regulations are titled “fire brigades” and specify minimum requirements for personal protective clothing and equipment used by firefighters.

The regulations were first enacted in the early 1980s and unfortunately have not been updated in the past 30 years. Consequently, in specifying protective garment minimum requirements, the federal regulations indicate that garments should comply with the 1975 edition of NFPA 1971, even though there have been a total of six revisions that have followed, with increasing numbers of performance requirements for firefighter clothing.

The OSHA regulations allows the tear strength of outer shell materials to be lower than was required in the NFPA standard and exempts outer shell materials from having to resist charring when exposed to high heat if suitable flame resistance can be demonstrated.

These regulations become problematic because they are the law yet at the same time they do not come anywhere close to specifying the levels of performance that are found in the newer editions of NFPA 1971 since 1975.

When further examined, similar requirements for protective helmets, gloves, and footwear are equally out of date with modern criteria. Protective hoods are not even addressed.

Respective NFPA editions
No competent manufacturer still fabricates their clothing (garments) strictly to these older standards. Occasionally, one may find a reference to the OSHA regulations as part of the label or claims for a particular product, but this information is generally accompanied by the appropriate certification to the then respective edition of NFPA 1971.

Some jurisdictions may require the reference to the OSHA regulations because it is the law, but it should be understood that these federal regulations are woefully inadequate and provide an unsafe basis for specifying firefighter protective clothing performance on their own.

Nonetheless, there are some products where federal or state regulations are basis for the sole representation of firefighter personal protective equipment.

This is most commonly observed for protective gloves because some departments consider gloves to be a commodity given their lower price compared to other parts of the firefighter protective ensemble.

At the time they were prepared, the OSHA regulations did not have the benefit of an existing NFPA standard on firefighter gloves. The first NFPA standard on gloves (numbered 1973) did not become available until 1983.

Therefore, OSHA made reference to a study performed by Arthur D. Little, performed under contract to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

That study set out to develop specific criteria and test methods for demonstrating the protective qualities of firefighter gloves, which were to become the basis for future requirements for gloves in the NFPA 1973 standard.

Certain portions
For whatever reason, the government only chose to implement certain portions of the government study for gloves. In contrast, the NFPA 1973 standard on gloves accepted nearly all the requirements directly from the Arthur D. Little study.

According to the OSHA Act, the individual states are allowed to develop their own regulations for occupational safety and health as long as those regulations as a minimum meet the existing federal requirements.

In the state of California, for example, regulations have been promulgated for structural fire fighting protective clothing and equipment under Title 8 of the California code of regulations and are found in Article 10.1.

Specific requirements for hand and wrist protection are provided in Section 3407. These regulations specify a few tests for gloves that include conductive heat resistance, radiant heat resistance, flame resistance, dexterity, and grip.

These regulations contrast with the federal regulations in some respects; however, like 29 CFR 1910.156, they deviate substantially from the current requirements provided by NFPA 1971 as well as earlier embodiments of the glove performance standard since its initial release in 1983.

There are substantial differences in the performance requirements for firefighter gloves that exist in both the federal and California state regulations as compared to the NFPA standards.

These include a number of specific performance areas that are simply not addressed as part of the federal or state regulations. For example, there are no regulations for the gloves performance against wet heat transfer, or for that matter, any specific requirement for moisture barrier and the ensuing liquid protection provided by the moisture barrier.

Glove regs
The California state regulations do indicate that “protective gloves for firefighters shall be made of durable outer material designed to withstand the effects of flame, heat, vapor, liquids, sharp objects and other hazards that are encountered in firefighting.”

Yet, criteria are not provided in these regulations that address each performance area though it can be argued that gloves should demonstrate these specific qualities by some means.

In the current edition of NFPA 1971, there are several areas of performance which have been developed over the years to address firefighter concerns for protection of their hands.

It has long been recognized that the hands are very vulnerable to burn injury because of the relative large surface area to volume ratio of the hands as compared to other parts of the body.

Developments that are taking place in the creation of requirements for firefighter hand protection have attempted to address these concerns as well as take into consideration new material and design technologies available for gloves.

Neither the federal regulations, nor the California state regulations are able to keep pace with emerging glove technology or set requirements for the improvements of firefighter health and safety in response to fire service needs.

Cannot be responsive
The respective portions of the government simply cannot be responsive in a timely and periodic manner. For that matter, it is uncertain as to what resources the federal or state government can draw upon for setting requirements. The NFPA process uses balanced membership interests combined with several forums for public input.

The specific problems that ensue from relying only on the federal or California state regulations for firefighter conformity arise in many other forms.

Other than the fact that the regulations are clearly deficient in addressing all protection concerns for firefighters, there is also the absence of requirements for the certification of products, the provision of user information, and appropriate product labeling.

The NFPA standards are relatively robust in covering all parts of the manufacturing process to ensure that products meet the requirements in the standard.

These include that the manufacturer employs quality assurance procedures that ensure that all manufactured products meet the same level of performance as those products that are tested under the standard.

Government regulations do not address certification at all. Manufacturers can self-certify their product to the government regulations and not be subject to independent review, nor any of the other benefits that third party certification provides.

There are no requirements for quality assurance programs to be in place or for independent audits to ensure that quality practices are being followed. Manufacturers are further not required by the government regulations to provide any user information and can label their product however they choose.

These practices put the fire service in a dangerous position and compromise the safety of their members. Unfortunately, fire departments and individual firefighters may not realize how deficient these regulations are.

They assume that because there is some indication of meeting a regulation, the product is acceptable. After all, they cannot be experts in PPE — they are relying on the manufacturers to provide that expertise and any apparent endorsement gives rise to the legitimacy of the product.

It is our opinion that where accepted industry standards exist, products should at least comply with those standards. We do not believe that either the federal or state government regulations alone are a sufficient basis for qualifying the protective product as acceptable.

Sometimes, there may be exceptions but only if coupled to appropriate standards. In our state of Texas, there are state statutes that require career firefighters to wear structural firefighting protective clothing and equipment to meet the current edition of NFPA 1971.

Similar practices exist in some but not all states. Certainly, NFPA standards are voluntary, but they represent the base minimum for what the industry considers acceptable levels of protection and provide a rigorous basis for demonstrating compliance — the same cannot be said for many federal and state regulations that are not regularly updated and lack requirements for conformity assessment.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.


Safety tips during overhaul

By Vincent Dunn

1. Do not throw objects from a window during overhaul unless the area is clear, and you have been signaled to do so by another freighter acting as a guide.

2. When trimming broken glass from windows, knock the glass shard inside, not outside.

3. When assigned to operate around the perimeter of a burning building, be aware of the danger of falling objects and wear proper protective clothing. A well-fitted helmet, gloves and an eye-shield in the down position can protect you.

4. When venting windows from inside, attempt to open the window before breaking glass. Double paned windows in new and renovated buildings can be more quickly and fully opened manually then by breaking glass.

We hope you found this information of some assistance if you have any questions regarding the clean and repair process of your fire turnout ensemble please contact us toll free at 866-370-7800 or visit us online.

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